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3D Archaeology

Photogrammetry Created Adena PipeSenior Honors Thesis for the B.A. Anthropology. This research explored the methods and uses of 3D technology in modern archaeology. The project involved three main technologies: photogrammetry, virtual museum development using 3D representations of artifacts, and 3D imaging, scanning & printing. My work with photogrammetry involved creating and presenting a teaching demonstration for ATH 212: Introduction to Archaeological Theory and Method, assisting students in the usage of photogrammetry, and creating a protocol document for future usage in the department. My work with virtual museum development involves creating an interactive user interface that utilizes timelines and maps to allow visitors to explore historical documents and photos, as well as 3D representations of artifacts. My work with 3D imaging, scanning, and printing involved the successful installation and functioning of a 3D printer and the development of protocol that instructs students and faculty of how to use 3D scanners and printers. In addition to my work with 3D technology, I also examined how various past and present theoretical schools or approaches are relevant to my intended research through the lens of Bruce Trigger's A History of Archaeological Thought and Jeb Card's Spooky Archaeology.

Research Goals: 1-Answering the primary question: “How can 3D technology be used to improve archaeological research and to improve engagement with the public?” 2- Exploring the uses of photogrammetry, 3D printing, 3D ceramic reconstruction, and virtual museums
Research Outcomes
Photogrammetry baboon skull pre-alignment
Initial photogrammetry point cloud

Thus far, I have been making progress on using photogrammetry and on the eventual creation of a teaching demo to be used in an introductory archaeology lab. I have succesfully created a 3D model of an Adena pipe using photogrammetry, and have also succesfully printed the object using a MakerGear 3D printer that I operate through the Department of Anthropology. The project is in its early stages.

Photogrammetry of the Adena Pipe
Adena Pipe physical object and 3D model
Sources

Barratt, Robert. 2016. "Photogrammetry in Archaeology: Methodology and Uses, with Particular Regards to Accuracy". https://www.academia.edu/9677591/ Accessed [January 29 2017].

Cantoro, Gianluca. 2015. "Aerial photogrammetry: when archaeology meets SIFT" In Recovering Lost Landscapes, edited by Vujadin Ivanišević, Tatjana Veljanovski, David Cowley, Grzegorz Kiarszys & Ivan Bugarski. Institute of Archaeology, Belgrade Aerial Archaeology Research Group.

Dietler, Michael. 1994. "'Our Ancestors the Gauls': Archaeology, Ethnic Nationalism, and the Manipulation of Celtic Identity in Modern Europe." American Anthropologist 96(3):584-605.

Drapa, Pierre, Matteo Sgrenzarolib, Marco Cancianic, Giacomo Cannatac, Julien Seinturiera. 2008. Laser Scanning and Close Range Photogrammetry: Towards a Single Measuring Tool Dedicated to Architecture and Archaeology. "CIPA XIXth International Symposium, Turkey.

Gajski, D., A. Solter, M. Gašparović. 2016. "Application of Macro Photogrammetry in Archaeology". The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences XLI-B5.

Haukaas, Colleen. 2014. "New Opportunities in Digital Archaeology: The Use of Low-Cost Photogrammetry for 3D Documentation of Archaeological Objects from Banks Island, NWT". Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository, Paper 2117.

Hutton, Ronald. 2011. "Romano-British Reuse of Prehistoric Ritual Sites". Britannia 42:1-22.

Hutton. Ronald. 2014. "The Making of the Early Modern British Fairy Tradition". The Historical Journal 57(4):1135-1156.

Williams, Howard. 1998. "Monuments and the past in early Anglo-Saxon England". World Archaeology 30(1):90-108.

Special Thanks to: Dr. Jeb Card, Miami University Department of Anthropology
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